Manitou Hassannash Preserve

by HHA Member Tom Helmer

People gather for the dedication of Manitou Hassannash Preserve
Dawn Dove speaking to the respectful listeners at the on site dedication.

On October 7, 2017, the unique Manitou Hassannash (man’-it-two has’-san-nash) Preserve, part of the Hopkinton Land Trust, was dedicated in a tribal ceremony conducted entirely by indigenous people in accord with their beliefs and traditions. Officiating were: Doug Harris, Elaine Thomas and Dawn Dove with her three grandsons, Sherenté 17, Nkéke 14, and Yoyatche 6.

One hundred people visited the Ceremonial Stone Landscape Day display area during the six hours the event was on. Many of those came to witness the ceremony, hiking the 1 mile round trip to observe the talks, prayers and songs in this solemn occasion.

Dawn Dove speaking to the respectful listeners at the “on site” dedication

But what is so special about this newest addition to the superb assortment of trails on the Hopkinton Land Trust properties?

The one word answer is “history”. The longer answer is Manitou Hassannash Preserve protects 14 acres of land where there is an intermingling of colonial/settler/indigenous archaeology remaining on Brightman Hill. The centerpiece of the colonial/settler archaeology is the family cemetery of colonist Thomas Brightman, who fought in the Revolutionary War. The centerpiece of the indigenous archaeology is the “wander zone”, an extremely dense area of spirit stone groupings, known in the Algonquin language as manitou hassannash.

I used the word unique at the beginning of this page for a reason. It is my belief that while this preserve has already been researched for four years already, with 1,100 manitou hassannash already GPSed and on file with the state of Rhode Island, and one archaeology book completely dedicated to this area alone, (Land of a Thousand Cairns by Mary Gage and James Gage). That is a lot of attention to a small space, but possibly the densest ceremonial stone landscape site in all of Rhode Island.

However, in my opinion, it is likely to be the site of intensifying research for years to come, because of its density, the intermingling of european and indigenous eras, and the intriguing theories presented to describe how/why this site is of such significance to the indigenous culture and our understanding of Hopkinton’s history.

Much of this research is intended to further the application of Manitou Hassannash Preserve for recognition as a national historic place. Currently there are no ceremonial stone landscapes so honored located east of the Mississippi River. The nomination process takes time, and copious documentation, but that process is already well on its way.

But with the attention Manitou Hassannash Preserve will draw in the years to come, archaeological features are fragile, even if made of stone. Accordingly, there is no trail planned for Manitou Hassannash Preserve to reduce traffic. To compensate for this difficulty, there are two narrated video tours of Manitou Hassannash Preserve on line at YouTube, as well as complete video coverage of all Ceremonial Stone Landscape Day events: The dedication, as described above, and all five educational talks as described below.

Tom Helmer: 53 minutes “Video Walking Tour of Manitou Hassannash Preserve”

Tom Helmer: 10 minute excerpt from above video tour

Dedication: 41 Minutes

Tom Helmer: 12 Minutes, “How we preserved the site”

Steve DiMarzo: 15 Minutes,”Why and how to document Manitou Hassannash”

Marilyn Grant: 5 ½ Minutes, “The enduring value of a Land Trust”

James Gage: 13 ¼ Minutes, “Research in Hopkinton”

Doug Harris: 43 ¼ Minutes, “Let the landscape speak for itself”

Walking Together In Tomaquag Valley

By HHA Member Thomas A Helmer

Two years ago, when I completed the first edition of “Walking Together”, I knew the best Stewards of this book would be the Hopkinton Historical Association. This Non Profit organization has, for 57 years, been a true friend for the Town of Hopkinton, keeping who we were, and what we did over the past 257 years from being forgotten in the present. Your local Historical Association is doing the same thing in your town.

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Hopkinton Men in the Spanish American War

Compiled By HHA Member Lauri Arruda

Spanish American War

TC 12:251, 2 May 1898 – In accordance with Section 1 – Chapter 296 of the General Laws of Rhode Island you are hereby required to cause to be prepared an alphabetical list of all persons living in you town between the ages of 18 years and 45 years, liable to be enrolled by the laws of the United States, excepting those persons exempted by the provisions of said Chapter 296:

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Narragansett Town on Salt Pond

Narragansett Town on Salt Pond

By HHA Member Theresa Prescott

For over 20 years, Public Archaeology Lab’s Jay Waller has been piecing together the lives and activities of Native Americans before European contact. My husband (Rick Prescott) and I recently took a course entitled “Rhode Island’s Cultural Landscape” with Mr. Waller at URI’s Osher Lifelong Learning Center. We learned a number of things about Native American history in Rhode Island and archaeological methods, but the most striking was the finding of a Narragansett “otan” (town) on Salt Pond in Narragansett, dating from 1300 to 1400 AD. Continue reading “Narragansett Town on Salt Pond”